Phone (732) 307 7933



Vision & Learning

1 in 10 children has a vision problem significant enough to impact learning.  According to The Vision Council, ”Vision problems are the fourth most prevalent class of disability in the United States.” Eye coordination and eye movement disorders can be easily mistaken for learning disabilities and even ADHD.  In addition, they can also contribute to the challenges one experiences when they have Dyslexia. Approximately 80% of learning occurs through the child’s eyes.  Seventeen visual skills are required for academic success.  Most vision screenings are not designed to test all of these visual skills.  Typical vision screenings miss at least 50% of vision problems.

Eye Movement Control

The ability to move both eyes together to point at an intended target or follow along a path, like a line of text

Simultaneous Focus at Far

Forming a clear image of something in the distance

Sustaining Focus at Far

Keeping an image of something in the distance clear

Simultaneous Focus at Near

Forming a clear image of something close to the eyes

Sustaining Focus at Near

Keeping a clear image of something close to the eyes

Simultaneous Alignment at Far

Lining up both eyes at the same point the distance

Sustaining Alignment at Far

Holding both eyes lined up at the same point in the distance

Simultaneous Alignment at Near

Lining up both eyes lined at the same point up close

Sustaining Alignment at Near

Holding both eyes lined up at the same point up close

Central Vision (Visual Acuity)

This is where "20/20" vision comes in!

Peripheral Vision

Being able to see what's on either side of you while your eyes are pointed forward

Depth Awareness

Being able to tell that things are further away or closer up than each other (also know as depth perception)

Color Perception

Being able to tell different colors apart (if you are not color-blind)

Gross Visual-Motor

Moving yourself through space without bumping into things by using information from your vision

Fine Visual-Motor

Writing, sewing, texting, and doing other small and close-up activities with accuracy by using information from  your vision

Visual Perception

Being aware of your environment and what is going on around you in your visual field (the area you can see)

Visual Integration

Bringing together your vision and your other senses to accomplish complex tasks, like reading while walking a balance beam

Even if your child has passed a vision screening, he or she could still have a vision problem that is interfering with academic performance …and life. Most children don’t know how they are supposed to see and assume everyone sees the same way they do.  Therefore it is vital that parents know the signs and symptoms to watch for. 

Signs of a vision problem that could be interfering with your child's ability to read and learn:

Blurry vision when reading

Headaches after reading

Double Vision or the words move on the page

Eyes hurt or feel tired after reading

Homework takes longer than it should

Moves head excessively when reading

Frequently loses place when reading

Skips words or lines when reading

Vocalizes when reading silently

Reads slowly

Uses finger to keep place

Shorts attention span

Poor Reading Comprehension

Avoids reading

Holds things very close

Able to read only for a short time

Responds better orally than by writing

Difficulty copying from blackboard to paper

Difficulty concentrating on written material

Comprehension decreases over time

Prefers being read to

Confuses letters or words

Reverses letters or words

Confuses right or left

Writes or prints poorly

Writes neatly but slowly

Awkward or immature pencil grip

Difficulty recognizing same word on different page

Poor word attack skills

Difficulty with scissors or small hand tools


Difficulty catching/hitting a ball

Difficulty with memory