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Concussion & TBI

Any Acquired Brain Injury (concussion, stroke, head injury, tumor) can cause functional vision problems, as more areas of the brain are used to process vision than for any other system. Current research indicates that approximately 80% of patients that suffer from a traumatic brain injury are struggling with vision deficits which are a direct result of their injury.   The vision problems that develop after a concussion are not visual acuity (20/20) problems, but rather:

Eye Tracking

The ability of the two eyes to follow an object.

Eye Teaming

The ability of the two eyes to work as a team to keep vision single.

Eye Focusing

The ability of the two eyes to keep an image clear and change its clarity when looking far to near.

Peripheral Awareness

The awareness of movement and objects in your side vision.

Depth Perception

The ability to judge how close or far things are.

Central-Peripheral Integration

The ability to focusing on something centrally while processing information in your periphery.

Visual Motor Integration

The ability to incorporate visual information that we perceive with our motor skills in order to correctly execute movement of our arms, legs, and body.

Visual Perception

The ability to organize and interpret the information that is seen and give it meaning.

Visual Memory

The ability to remember and recall visual information that has been seen such as activities, pictures or words.

Vision problems in concussion patients are routinely missed by optometrists, sports medicine doctors, neurologists, pediatricians and general practitioners.  OR patients are told that nothing can be done about their symptoms, or that the symptoms will go away over time. 

It's highly recommended that all concussion patients be given a comprehensive neuro-optometric vision evaluation.Signs and symptoms of vision problems caused by a Traumatic Brain Injury don't always appear to be vision problems, so the patient and medical specialists may not identify the underlying problem.

Blurred vision in the distance, on the computer or when reading

Double vision


Dizziness or nausea

Light Sensitivity

Motion sensitivity

Increased irritability

Mental fog

Unstable peripheral vision

Frequent loss of place when reading

Difficulty with memory

Difficulty concentrating

Difficulty sleeping

Difficulty with balance, coordination and posture

Being overwhelmed in visually stimulating environments

School or computer work takes hours longer than it should

Increased fatigue throughout the day