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Sports Performance

Vision is an important factor in peak athletic performance. The following visual skills are required for optimal sports ability, and can be enhanced with vision training.

  • Dynamic visual acuity: the ability to see objects clearly while you or the object is moving
  • Eye focusing skills: the ability to see clearly both up close and in the distance, and to shift focus quickly, accurately and efficiently from near to far.
  • Constant eye turning 
  • Eye tracking: the ability to follow a moving object smoothly and accurately with both eyes, without unnecessary head movement
  • Eye teaming: the ability to use both eyes together, simultaneously and accurately
  • Depth perception: the ability to quickly and accurately judge the distance and speed of objects
  • Visual reaction time: the ability to quickly interpret and react to an action
  • Visual concentration: the ability to stay focused on a visual task for increased awareness and fewer distractions.
  • Peripheral awareness: the ability to see action over a large area without turning your head or eyes
  • Central-peripheral integration: the ability to monitor and interpret what is happening around you while attending to a central, specific task
  • Eye-hand-body-coordination: how your hands, feet, body and other muscles respond to the information gathered through your eyes
  • Visual memory: the ability to process and remember a fast moving, complex picture of people and things
  • Visualization: the ability to create a mental image or intention of what you want to happen
Signs that a vision problem may be interfering with your sports performance:
Eye-hand coordination seems to decrease throughout the game
Visual judgment (such as depth perception) seems to be less accurate after you get tired and have played for a while
You tend to drift in and out of “the zone”
Double vision, blurred vision, excessive blinking or watery eyes occur periodically throughout the game
You find it harder to follow a moving object more than your teammates
You squint a lot more often for near or far visual tasks
During a game, you turn your head to use one eye rather than the other
More practice doesn’t improve performance
Sports which require the ability to aim at a target are harder
You perform better in sports with larger balls or no balls