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Children with Special Needs

Children with Special Needs have the same vision problems as neurotypical children. These disorders may include, nearsightedness or farsightedness, as well as other eye-coordination disorders such as eye turns (strabismus), lazy eye (amblyopia), eye movement dysfunction or poor eye teaming and coordination. Depth perception and other visual information processing problems are also common.

Vision problems of this nature can add to the child’s challenges. A hidden visual dysfunction may be affecting the child’s behavior, interfering with his or her ability to read and learn, and reducing his or her ability to perform routine tasks.

Signs and Symptoms of a Vision Problem in Special Needs Children:
Skips/repeats lines when reading
Poor eye contact
Omits small words when reading
Poor reading comprehension
Homework takes longer than it should
Reduced visual attention
Trouble keeping attention on reading
Difficulty completing assignments on time
Difficulty copying from board
Burning, itchy, watery eyes
Tilts head/closes one eye when reading
Closes or covers one eye
One eye turns in or out
Avoids near work/reading
Unable to listen and look at same time
Holds reading material too close
Poor handwriting
Clumsy/knocks things over
Car/motion sickness
Unusual neck and body postures
Visual perceptual problems
Uncontrolled eye shaking (Nystagmus)